What Japanese and Koreans pay attention to in multimodal transportation and under what conditions Russia will be able to “pump” transit from China to Europe – the participants of the discussion session “Multimodal container transportation in modern logistics” at the TransRussia congress in Moscow were looking for answers to these questions.
Olga Stepanova, Chief Sales Officer of JSC “Russian Railways Logistics”, considers seamless joining the main condition for effective multimodal transportation. “Today, our task is to build seamless transportation, more efficient transfer of cargo from one type of transport to another. Efficiency is not only time, but also convenience for the client. The client says the need for the existence of a single window service. It is important for him to come to the operator, to one transport operator, and for this one operator, one forwarder to solve all problems.
“I will take as an example last year’s transportation from Japan to Moscow,” she continued. – Transportation took place in the framework of the project to attract goods to Transsib. The total delivery time from the port of Japan to the consignee’s warehouse in Moscow was 19 days. This is not so bad. But if we look at the individual components of this transportation, then there are problems: we overcome this distance from the ports of the Far East to the Moscow region by rail for 7-8 days. But at the same time, we spend a few days on clearance of goods in ports, customs clearance. What we need to solve in the near future are issues of electronic document management. We are confronted with problems, to which both the Japanese and Koreans pay particular attention – the use of a single transport document for customs clearance. ”
According to the director of business development at Interrail Holding Igor Zigory, railway tariffs remain a deterrent to the increase in container transit, as well as the lack of transit infrastructure. “Transit even now with the existing route is $ 4,500 versus 2,500 deep sea,” he said. – What kind of cargo will withstand such a difference? Electronics – yes, cars – yes. Consumer goods survive? I doubt. We do not take large retailers, but take a medium and small business, which also loads Chinese exports to Europe. What would they prefer – to ship for 20 days longer for $ 2,500 (often 10% of the value of the cargo) or to go 20-25 days before Europe? The answer is obvious. ”
“The second question is power,” continued I.Zhigora. – In 2019, 600 thousand TEU are planned to be in transit. How much do our border crossings “pump” these 600 thousand TEUs? Is the transit infrastructure ready if we seriously think about alternative transit? Is the Russian infrastructure ready for such volumes? I think now we need to think about 10-15 years ahead and invest in infrastructure, terminals, network, rolling stock. ” Then, I.Zhigora believes, this will lead to a decrease in the cost of transportation and will make the railway transit route competitive. more
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